Plummer Vinson Syndrome is a condition characterized by the association of esophageal growths, anemia, and difficulty swallowing. The condition often occurs in people who already have iron deficiency anemia. The direct cause of the syndrome is not known, although experts believe that Plummer Vinson syndrome can arise out of nutritional and mineral deficiencies, as a result of genetic predisposition, and can be affected by autoimmune factors. The disorder has also been linked to cancers of the esophagus and throat.
The main symptoms of Plummer Vinson syndrome are difficulty swallowing and weakness. Most sufferers also show the symptoms of iron deficiency anemia. Skin and nail abnormalities may be prevalent in some people.
Sufferers are often given iron supplements in order to restore the normal levels of iron in the blood. Iron supplements are also believed to help in lessening swallowing difficulties. If the supplements are not effective, the web formations that occur in the esophagus can be widened during upper endoscopy to facilitate normal swallowing. Patients are also advised to report for regular check-ups in order to look for early signs of esophageal cancer. Prevention is simple. Individuals who are at risk for this condition simply need to maintain good nutrition with enough iron in order to prevent Plummer Vinson syndrome.
Category: Health & Well-being